The task of an orthopedic mattress is to provide an anatomically correct position of the spine. This effect is achieved through the use of different fillers. Depending on the design of the product it can be modern foam materials, which memorize the contours of the body or a block of independent springs.
Spring orthopedic mattresses
At the heart of such products is a system of springs, which is responsible for supporting the spine during sleep. Spring orthopedic models can be equipped with independent or dependent spring units.
Dependent spring system
An example of a design is the Bonnell system. Each spring is connected to the neighboring springs, so when you click on one, all the other springs next to it move too. In such a mattress the density of springs reaches an average of 100 pieces/m². Additional materials such as polyurethane foam, latex or hollofiber can be used as contact layers in a mattress.
Block with independent springs
An example of design is the Pocket Spring system. The feature of this mattress is that each spring is located in a separate cover and does not contact in any way with the neighboring springs. This design allows you to avoid the “hammock effect”, which is typical for dependent spring units. As the intermediate materials are used orthopedic foam, felt, latex.
All spring-block mattresses are divided by the number of springs. Optimally, if the density of springs reaches 2000 springs per bed. The principle is this: the more springs, the stronger the construction. Depending on the model the number of springs per m² can be 256, 500 or 1000.
Non-spring orthopedic mattresses
Another type of orthopedic models – springless with different types of fillers. Depending on whether the design uses one layer of filler or several, divided into two categories:
Monolithic. These are mattresses made of solid blocks of latex, polyurethane foam or coconut coir.
Combined. Products in which there are several layers of different fillers. Most often in such designs alternate softer and stiffer materials. Combination models are more comfortable and durable in operation.
How to choose an orthopedic mattress: the stiffness of the structure
The basis of any orthopedic mattress is the supporting system, which is responsible for supporting the body during sleep. When choosing a mattress, it is worth considering individual characteristics: body weight, age, height, health status.
One of the basic selection criteria is the hardness parameters. Manufacturers offer three types of mattresses: soft, medium hard and hard.
Such products use polyurethane foam, latex and hollofiber as the main layer. Such materials are pliable to pressure and easily accept the shape of the human body. Soft mattresses are well suited for those who prefer to sleep on their side, and also have problems in the lumbar spine. These models are recommended for the elderly, as the soft fillers do not exert pressure on the tissues and do not interfere with normal blood circulation.
Such products are equipped with a spring block and latex filler. We can say that mattresses of medium hardness are universal and will suit almost everyone, and especially people with problems in the thoracic spine. This mattress is ideal for sleeping on the back, it is recommended for teenagers during the period of active growth and strengthening of the spine.
Sprung and non-spring models of rigid type use layers of sisal, abaca fiber, coconut board. Such products are suitable for people with extra weight, as they can withstand heavy loads. Hard mattresses can be recommended for people with problems in the cervical and thoracic spine. It is best to sleep on a hard mattress on your back.
Today the market offers models of mattresses that combine the advantages of hard and soft models. Their peculiarity is that the different sides of the structure are filled with different materials, for example, one can be filled with soft latex, and the other with a hard coconut board.
What tasks a good orthopedic mattress should cope with
When buying carefully study the characteristics to make sure that the product meets the high requirements for orthopedic design:
- Supports the spine in its natural anatomical position. The mattress should promote relaxation and provide reliable support for the spine. This guarantees a comfortable deep sleep and a good rest.
- Normalization of blood circulation. Orthopedic mattress should not squeeze tissues and blood vessels, and provide point support. If the model is not chosen well, it will be difficult to find a comfortable position for the body, sleep will become restless, arms and legs may become numb.
- Preservation of the original characteristics during the period of operation. A quality mattress is a complex construction. If the specific anatomic structure of the body is not taken into account, in a couple of years the mattress will cease to provide reliable support.
- The use of modern hypoallergenic materials. Orthopedic mattresses must meet quality and safety standards, not provoke allergic reactions.
What size mattresses come in?
When choosing a mattress, one of the key characteristics is its overall dimensions. Remember that this product should perfectly match the dimensions of the bed as well as fit the user’s height. For proper orthopedic support, the mattress should lie on a flat surface or bed slats with a distance between the slats of not more than 4 cm. For a comfortable sleep, the length of the product should be at least 15 cm longer than your height. Let’s look at what sizes there are in stores, what modern manufacturers offer. This link has more information about the types of mattresses
If you are wondering what mattress to buy for an adult, you will most likely choose between models of 190, 200 and 220 cm. Among children’s mattresses the choice will be a little wider. Here in the standard dimensions offer the following options:
So there is a suitable model for a small crib and a newborn, and for the first grader and a teenager.
Mattresses of different sizesThe width of the products can be divided into single, double and double. For single beds, the standard width of the mattress is 80 and 90 cm. This is a good option for a teenager, as an adult, even an average build, to sleep on this may be uncomfortable all the time. Much more comfortable to rest on a one-and-a-half variant with a width of 120 cm. Double products are made in sizes 140, 160, 180, 200 cm. Models from 180 and larger are also called family, as it is a spacious enough width not only for two, but also for a small child who likes to sleep or fall asleep together with the parents.
The height of the structure can vary widely and depends on the type of spring block used, the presence and material of additional layers. The most important thing when choosing is for the mattress to be higher than the inside height of the side of the bed. In addition, for people with excess weight it is better to choose higher products: they better distribute the load and provide better orthopedic support.
The thinnest mattresses (futon, or topper) are 4-11 cm in height. They are usually used for sofas. Children’s mattresses without springs are 4-15 cm, and the spring models are 16-25 cm high. The springless models for adults are produced with a height of 12-35 cm. Products with a spring block have an average height of 20-22 cm, with additional layers it can reach 32 cm.
Some manufacturers do not adhere to the standard sizes, and make mattresses in a wide dimensional grid in increments of 5-10 cm. Also today it is not a problem to find a factory which will make any model from its assortment according to individual measures. This is a fairly affordable service, the cost of custom manufacturing is only 5-10% higher than the cost of the closest analogue in the standard dimensional grid.
Why do you need a mattress cover? First of all to protect the mattress itself from dust, dirt, any moisture leakage and to maintain hygiene. It will be very problematic to clean the mattress at home by yourself, while the protective cover is enough to be washed periodically in the washing machine. Therefore, it is as necessary bedding as a pillowcase for a pillowcase or duvet cover for a blanket. Consider what kind of mattress cover is better, what modern manufacturers offer, and how to choose from all the abundance of that product, which will be most practical and comfortable.
How to choose a waterproof mattress cover?
A waterproof mattress cover – why do you need it? There is a misconception that a waterproof product is relevant only for children’s beds or families where young children often spend time together with parents in bed, there are people with disabilities. In fact, how to choose a waterproof mattress cover, everyone needs to know, because this is the model that will provide maximum hygiene, regardless of the family composition and age of the users.
The fact is that, in addition to the unforeseen situations of spilling something in bed, everyone sweats while sleeping. This is part of the body’s natural metabolic processes. Part of the moisture is trapped on the bed linens, but for the most part it reaches the cover and the mattress itself. As a result, the latter gets covered with stains that are difficult to remove. Excessive moisture also leads to:
- the growth of bacteria and micro-organisms;
- The occurrence of unpleasant odors;
- The development of allergic reactions.
- Well, why do we need a mattress cover in a crib, probably do not need to explain.
Waterproof models have a textile front and a membrane back. And the membrane can be of different quality, both in terms of waterproofness and in terms of air exchange support, durability and wear resistance.
If you’ve wondered how to choose a mattress cover, you’ve probably already seen that there are two types of this waterproof material: polyurethane PU and polyvinyl chloride PVC. The first membrane is made on a water basis, the second – on alcohol, with the addition of phenol and phthalic acid. And PVC phthalate is not the safest chemical compound for health, its amount should be clearly regulated by documents. And if you are wondering how to choose a children’s mattress cover, from products made of PVC is better to give up altogether.
In addition, PU membranes have high air permeability. PVC analogues have it dozens of times lower. Accordingly, to sleep on a sheet, which does not pass air, will be simply uncomfortable. But polyvinylchloride has a higher degree of water resistance (about 10 m of water column). However, for domestic conditions is enough and the indicator 2-3 m water column, as in polyurethane.
If the question of how to choose a bed mattress cover that will last a long time is important to you, polyurethane will also be preferable. The fact is that it is more elastic, and therefore not prone to creases and cracks during washing and cleaning.
How to choose a mattress cover without a membrane?
Some buyers wonder how to choose a good mattress cover without a membrane. Such models also exist, they are in the form of a thin quilted blanket with different filler: fiber, woolstepon, polyester, absorbent cotton, wool, etc. Quilted products will protect the mattress from dust and partly from dirt, but they let moisture in.
Sometimes buyers try to increase the comfort of a mattress that is too firm or already worn out in this way. An extra layer of 1-2 cm is really capable for a while to give the feeling of a flat surface or to soften an overly hard surface. But it will not affect the orthopedic properties, and all the existing defects you will soon begin to feel again. So do not think about how to choose a mattress cover that will increase the comfort of your bed. It is better to buy a new orthopedic mattress and a quality cover with a membrane to it.
What is a mattress cover? First of all it is protection. And another disadvantage of quilted products is that they are attached to the mattress with rubber bands in the corners. Accordingly the sides remain unprotected even from dirt and dust. Whereas the membranes usually have a contoured rubber band and protect 5 out of 6 sides of the mattress.
If you want to know which quilted mattress cover to choose – pay attention to the composition of the filler, the uniformity of its distribution, the quality and density of the outer fabric, the reliability of fasteners, as well as the matching size of the products.
How to choose a mattress cover by size?
In terms of how to choose a mattress cover by size, there is no difficulty. Usually manufacturers offer standard variants of products under the dimensional grid of the mattresses themselves, for example:
- 80×200 cm;
- 120×200 cm;
- 180×200 cm; 180×200 cm;
- 200×200 cm.
There is also manufacturing of covers to order. The label may indicate two sizes, for example, 90×190/200 cm. This means that the product will fit equally well on a mattress length of 190 cm or 200 cm. However, if you have an orthopedic mattress of a non-standard height, for example 25 cm or more, the contour cover will not work. It is necessary to buy a model with elastic bands fastened in the corners (their extensibility is often enough for the height up to 30 cm) or to order the blanket to be made individually which can be purchased from the same manufacturer as the mattress.
Which mattress cover is better?
So, a mattress cover – which one to choose? As you can see, the options that gives a mattress cover is much more than it might seem at first glance. In addition to high protective functions, a quality product should provide comfort during sleep, be unpretentious in care, and the materials in the composition should not cause allergic reactions or pose a health hazard. Also, the models of the best manufacturers have reliable fasteners, retain the declared properties for a long time and are suitable for sharing with a wide range of orthopedic and ordinary mattresses.
If you are wondering what is better – a cover or a mattress cover, it is better to give preference to a cover with a contoured rubber band and protection all around the perimeter. Even if you can not find the appropriate model for the size of your mattress it can always be made to order. And this service is offered not only by the foreign producers, but also by some domestic ones.